Metformin is a medication that is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It works by helping your body to better utilize the insulin it produces, thus allowing for better control of your blood sugar levels. It is also used in combination with other medications to treat type 1 diabetes. Metformin can also be used in some cases to help reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases.
Metformin works by inhibiting the absorption of glucose from the intestines and reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver. It also helps to improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin, allowing for better control of the blood sugar levels. Metformin is available in both immediate-release and extended-release forms, allowing for a wide range of dosing options.
Metformin is generally safe and well-tolerated when taken as directed. Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. Other side effects may include anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, and lactic acidosis. It is important to talk to your doctor about any potential side effects before taking Metformin.
In addition to treating type 2 diabetes, Metformin can also be used to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can cause irregular or absent menstrual periods, excessive hair growth, and infertility. Metformin is thought to help regulate the hormones that are involved in PCOS, helping to reduce symptoms and improve fertility.
Overall, Metformin is an effective treatment option for type 2 diabetes and PCOS. It is generally safe and well-tolerated when taken as directed and can help to improve blood sugar control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. If you are considering taking Metformin, it is important to talk to your doctor about any potential side effects and discuss if it is the right treatment option for you.
People without diabetes may take Metformin for a variety of reasons. It is sometimes prescribed as an off-label treatment for infertility, PCOS, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and as a potential preventative measure for some types of cancer. Metformin may also be used in some cases to help reduce weight, lower cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Metformin works to help treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by regulating the hormones that are involved in the disorder. It works to reduce the levels of androgens (male hormones) in the body, which helps to reduce symptoms such as excessive hair growth and acne. Metformin also helps to improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which can help to regulate menstrual cycles, improve fertility, and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.